Wednesday, February 12, 2020

Cross culture management Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Cross culture management - Essay Example Essentially, the organisational culture followed at IKEA in Sweden was very different from the Spanish culture which was experienced to be more hierarchical, more rule bound, and more aware of status than the Swedish culture. While the company appears to be very aware of culture and even uses differences in cultures to its advantages as reflected by its advertising campaign for the British, it found itself in a bind when it tried to export its organisational culture to branch offices of the company in different countries. As per the case study, The culture at IKEA is essentially Swedish in nature where decisions are made with the consensus of others, mistakes are a part of the learning process and creative approaches to problem solving are rewarded. Red tape is frowned upon and status barriers are discouraged while managers like to work closely with co-workers. It is essentially a culture of equality when business cards do not carry titles and employees are supposed to work their way up the company without any formalised training. In fact, any education given to the employees is through discussion and explanations which explains the philosophy of IKEA. The company seeks employees with open minds, positive communication skills, a good work attitude more than it seeks employees who have degrees in sales and marketing. This particular organisational culture came into direct conflict with the national culture of Germany where hierarchical systems are important and personal initiative is discouraged. Even something as simple as using the managers’ first name created issues and risk assessments procedures showed that the German employees functioned differently when it came to making choices from a set of given options. Similarly, informality in France was seen as a sign of weakness and indecision which was taken to mean that the employees could do

Friday, January 31, 2020

Are attitudes, policies and procedures for dealing with female Essay

Are attitudes, policies and procedures for dealing with female offenders difficult to justify when compared with their male counterparts - Essay Example In line with this, this research will answer the question ‘Are the attitudes, policies and procedures for dealing with female offenders difficult to justify when compared with their male counter parts?’ the methodology employed in order to address this question is documentary research. The study, utilising the documentary research methodology, relied on using secondary data collected from various scholarly literatures written about female offenders, UK Case Laws, crimes, and legislation. In the documentary analysis undertaken, the answer to the primary question is NO. It is not difficult to justify. This answer to the question is supported by the following suppositions: 1. Justice is impartial. The gender and sex of the offender is immaterial in the resolution of the case 2. There is a need to redefine the court system in such a way that it will accommodate female offenders and workers in the justice system 3. There is a need for restructuring of the justice system. 4. Reformation in the justice system 5. Training among the workers on treatment of female offenders. The notion of women committing crimes have been considered as a deviancy from the cultural image and gendered expectations that society has of women.1 Being such, traditional theories pertinent to female delinquency and female offending have been focused on how women are biological destined in committing crimes or by explaining it away via citing pathological explanations that confound the criminal act. Recognizing the importance of these views as necessary in understanding the criminal behaviour of women, does not preclude the fact that women ‘do’ commit crimes and that there are factors and explanations behind their criminal acts and not simply because of their gender or sexuality.2 Although Table 1 shows that compared with men, women commit less crimes but it does not show the fact that there is an increase in the number

Thursday, January 23, 2020

Xmas Gift :: essays research papers

Christmas Gift   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  It was the holiday season, and Christmas was fast approaching. With the twenty-fifth only a few days away there was no more time for procrastination. I decided to go to the mall in an attempt to complete all the Christmas shopping at once. While wandering around the uniquely decorated mall, I noticed a particular store that caught my attention. Pausing for a moment to stare into the window of the shop I came across the perfect gift for my father. Stepping inside I asked the shop keeper what the price would be if I purchased item on display in the window. The shop keeper, speaking with a thick Russian accent said â€Å"For you my boy the item is free.† Being Christmas, I did not want to press my good fortune, so I left the shop quickly as possible. As I got a farther away I could hear the shop clerk laughing manically. Hesitating for a moment I thought to myself â€Å"perhaps the old Russian shop keeper was insane, or rather that the holiday season was gett ing to himâ€Å". I did not give this matter of a â€Å" free present† another thought. Besides I had more shopping to do, so I braved the screaming kids, irritated parents and an assortment of mall rats to get the rest of the shopping done. I did the holiday gift buying in an hour or less. Deciding that my trip to the mall was over, I set off for home.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  When I arrived at home I ran straight to my room and found the wrapping paper and ribbons inside a huge bag. Realizing I needed tape to complete the task , I went looking for the remnants of the scotch tape I had thrown into the depths of the enormous bag the night before when I had helped wrap my mothers gifts to the family. As soon as I found it I went to work on the job of wrapping the gift. The gift wrapping took a while and several attempts to wrap the object since it was so oddly shaped. When I had finished, the present resembled a clump of wrapping paper more so than an actual Christmas gift. I was very proud of myself since my father would never be able to guess the contents of the box now. I stashed the gift away under our tree and left it there for what seemed like ages, although it was in reality only a couple of days.

Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Macro-economic factors Essay

There are a lot of macro environmental factors that affect Telfin performance though emphasize has been given on the important factors. Economic factors like current and anticipated economic growth, interest rate, inflation, cost of labor, disposable income and distribution of income etc collectively comprise economic environment. Current and projected economic conditions: In recent years Pakistan’s economic figures were indicating very impressive and promising consequences and infact these all were proven to be wrong. A number of reasons are behind this but the most important are the economic policies which were not integrated with political environment in an apt manner. Secondly, terrorism has stooped down our economy in a very negative manner. Therefore because of these reasons Pakistan current and anticipated economic conditions aren’t in Telfin favor. Exchange Rate: Telfin is directly affected by fluctuation of exchange rates as investment is being done in USD, all suppliers have to be paid in USD and being subsidiary of Vimplecom, Shareholder calculations are in USD while revenue is generated in local currency (PKR). Due to depreciated PKR every year when revenue is calculated in USD it is minimized due to negative exchange rate effect. Fuel Prices: Telfin is the one of the biggest customer of PSO (Pakistan State Oil), due to energy crisis in Pakistan and being the largest on coverage for the services, more than 5000 cell sites have to be energized to keep the network running. Taxtation: Govt has applied additional 5% tax on the top up so subscribers get 5% less balance on recharge but as an impact it has been seen that subscribers have reduced the usage as recharge revenue has decreased and 5% reduction is from Telfin revenue. Inflation and interest rate: interest rate and inflation both are elevated in Pakistan. In most of countries it is very much natural that once economic conditions are bad central banks reduces interest rate in order to boost investment where as in Pakistan the case is otherwise. The interest rate is high because the government wants to cease central bank new notes issuing rate which is more than 15% currently. Therefore collectively interest rate and inflation are presenting a bad picture for Telfin. Unemployment rate and cost of labor: Because of higher education bang there  is a talented pool of candidates who are ready to be employed in big companies or organizations. But the fact is that the production of new jobs is not competent with supply pool therefore unemployment rate is high. In addition as supply of potential workers is high, the cost of labor is low in Pakistan which is a positive signal for Telfin. Level of disposable money and income distribution: It is really evident that if the economic conditions of a particular country are bad, the people living in, do not have high level income to be spent. Moreover the fact is that national income distribution is very unfair and unequal in Pakistan because elite class dominates on key government posts. Non-economic macro Exposure: Telfin like every other organization is also affected by the political setup to a greater extent which are needed to be addressed. Political Factor: There is a democratic government now-a-days in Pakistan but due to previous government policies & present government inability to manage issue wisely, it can be concluded clearly that government is not able to stabilize the situation as it was expected which is surely not good for the companies like Telfin. Rule of Law, Corruption and bureaucracy: Due to the amendments made in the constitution of Pakistan by ex-dictators and domination of rich people on the vital government posts, there is just a minimal justice and rule of law in Pakistan. Regularity authorities: There are regularity bodies in Pakistan like PTA (Pakistan Telecommunication Authority) but it does not have enough grip on issues as it is expected from it due to the mandate given to it. Security: Due to security situations, telecom industry has suffered a lot as on events th ere is complete network shutdown to prevent terrorism. These shut down is a direct loss for complete industry. Moreover due to different measures taken by regularity to address security is to have Biometric scanning before issuance of SIM so cost of sale has increased recently and all operators have to install machines to have scanning capability.

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Life in Ancient Egypt - 1421 Words

Life in Ancient Egypt was very different from today Religion was key and was an important part in the everyday life of Egyptians This was shown in all aspects, particularly in the form of gods, temples, belief in the afterlife, mummification, tombs, pyramids, weighing of the heart and the journey to the afterlife The gods were the foundation Egyptian religion The ancient Egyptians had hundreds gods and goddesses whom they believed in and worshipped every day They believed that life would crumble without the gods To keep them happy they provided them with offerings They offered food, drink, clothes and even jewels in hopes that they would help them when they needed it The Egyptians believed that different gods goddesses were responsible for different events that happened naturally For example, the Egyptians believed that gods and goddesses took part in the creation of the world They believed that some brought the flood every year, some offered protection, and some took care of peopl e after they died The Egyptians believed that they could call on their gods to ensure a good crop, a victory in war, help in a crisis or any other worthwhile purpose Other gods that they believed in were either local gods who represented towns, or minor gods who represented plants or animals For example gods like Osiris (god of the dead) Nut (goddess of the sky) Ra (god of the sun) and Geb (god of the earth) played major parts in the life of an Egyptian These gods were what held EgyptianShow MoreRelatedEssay on Life in Ancient Egypt1394 Words   |  6 PagesLife in Ancient Egypt Life in Ancient Egypt was one that involved an ordered life. The Nile flooded and the sun dried the land on a regular basis every year. People lived their lives in a orderly fashion that has them following set routines from year to year. This routine was greatly integrated with the Egyptian belief in the spiritual world and the religion it soon became. Egyptian religion helped people to see definition in their lives and gave them something to live for. There was an afterlifeRead MoreThe Contents of the Tomb and What They Suggest About Life in Ancient Egypt at the Time of Tutankamun687 Words   |  3 PagesThe Contents of the Tomb and What They Suggest About Life in Ancient Egypt at the Time of Tutankamun Archaeological evidence from the tomb of Tutankhamun provides substantial information about life Kingdom Egypt in the eighteenth dynasty. From the archaeological evidence gained from the tombs conclusions can be drawn about religion and the afterlife, the everyday life of ancient Egyptians, of Government during the five hundred year period, and of the arts and sciences ofRead MoreAncient Egypt Civilization : Ancient And Modern Egypt968 Words   |  4 Pages Ancient and Modern Egypt There are some countries that have a large civilization, but how many countries have had a successful civilization throughout its existence? What if there is a country that has a civilization from 7000 years ago that has a rich history, various progresses, cultures, governments, customs, and habits? A lot of its heritage still exists until now, Egypt was one of the most wonderful civilizations in human history. Ancient Egyptians lived around the Nile River, where they foundRead MoreThe Geography Of Ancient Egypt1510 Words   |  7 Pages Ancient Egypt was one of the most powerful and innovative civilizations. As one of the six civilizations to arise independently, Egypt eventually became one of the most influential nations that lasted over three thousand years, from 3000 B.C to around 30 B.C Egypt boasted of strong leaders, a rich culture, a hierarchical society, and the source of much of it’s wealth, the Nile. The Nile provided the Egyptians with necessities like food, water , transportation, building supplies, and more. Using theRead MoreEssay about Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece903 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece† According to history there existed two of many important ancient civilizations that left a significant mark in the history of human development that even today leaves modern society in awe of its greatness. In spite of being distant civilizations, Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece share similarities and difference in terms of how they practiced religion,political structure, everyday life style, and how they built the monumental architectures that continued to amazeRead MoreTaking a Look at Ancient Egypt1181 Words   |  5 Pagesby the Atlantic Ocean. Africa is known to have many diverse environments, which include arid areas, semi-arid, Tropical rainforests, Savanna, vast swamps and snowcapped mountains in the south of Africa. The first ever civilization in Africa was in Egypt along the river Nile. This civilization later spread to the other parts of Africa. The emergence of civilization in Africa provided a framework for most of developments in African history. There were differen t setups cultural and political aspectsRead MoreAncient Egypt and Mondern Society981 Words   |  4 Pageslives was that of Ancient Egypt. Their systems of religion and technological innovation helped not only to leave a permanent impression on the world, but also served to mold both the civilizations that directly followed it as well as society today. The Ancient Egyptian civilization spanned several thousand years and is one of the few societies of the time that came into being independently. â€Å"Egyptian civilization coalesced around 3150 B.C. with the unification of upper and lower Egypt under the firstRead MoreSimilarities Between Ancient Egypt And Ancient Greece1103 Words   |  5 PagesAncient Egypt (3000 BCE – 30 BCE) and Ancient Greece (1200 BCE – 146 BCE) based their entire lives around their religious beliefs. These beliefs led to their religious practices which were included in every aspect of their lives. Since ancient Greece’s and ancient Egypt’s beliefs differ greatly, endless differences can be shown between their religious practices. However, between the two cultures, many surprising similarities can be seen in these religious practices despite the tremendous differencesRead MoreCharacteristics Of Ancient Egypt1172 Words   |  5 PagesEgypt Essay Payton Manoogian Ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt was an organized civilization because of the important civilization indicators they had- the seven indicators. Government is a part of the seven indicators. Government helped Ancient Egypt be well organized. The government had government officials and workers that worked there. Some jobs of the government were, the pharaoh, the vizier, nomarks, army commander, chief treasurer, and the minister of public buildings. The most importantRead MoreAncient Egypt : Religion And Religion1374 Words   |  6 PagesEgypt is country with lots of religious connections. Religion in Egypt helped the communities come together and created understandings and shared values. Aspects of Egyptian life like law and art were connected with religion. Gods were represented with many things in nature like animals. Religion and life were very combined. Many aspects of Egyptian culture and civilization are connected with religion. Nature aspects like the sun and river is answered with what the gods do in mythology. Ancient Egypt

Monday, December 30, 2019

Planned Parenthood Federation of America - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1276 Downloads: 7 Date added: 2019/10/31 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Planned Parenthood Essay Did you like this example? Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA), which is widely known as Planned Parenthood is one of the most well known and controversial health care providers throughout the nation. Planned Parenthood is a non-profit organization that provides healthcare and family planning services. Young adults are able to confidently gain information on subjects such as sex education from the organization which holds the record of the nations leading sexual and reproductive health care provider and advocate. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Planned Parenthood Federation of America" essay for you Create order The most controversial practice Planned Parenthood is known for is giving young women the option of abortion. The organization receives funding from the government in order to aid in the practice the services in which they provide. Although some groups believe that funding this organization is morally wrong due to abortions. Critics against Planned Parenthood claim the government should defund this organization because of the certain services they provide for people. In 1916, a woman named Margaret Sanger was a nurse and a daughter to a mother of eleven children which caused her mothers health to become fragile over time, additionally endured seven miscarriages as well as dying at age fifty due to tuberculosis.Sangers mothers history with reproducing as well as working in the field of nursing at the time enlightened her. She set journey to Europe to study birth control strategies while America deemed the education on birth control illegal (Planned). On October 16, 1916, Sanger and her sister Ethel Byrne as well as activist Fania Mindell united together in order to create the nations first birth control clinic which opened its doors in Brownsville, Brooklyn. Thousands of women raced to line up in order to receive birth control education as well as advice. Almost a week later, authorities had descended upon the clinic and charged the three women with crimes which were related to sharing information on birth control. Sanger had refused to pay the charges because she deemed the charges as immoral and resulted in spending a month in jail where she had ended up educating her fellow prisoners on birth control at the time. Even though the clinic itself was terminated Sangers dream remained well and alive. She traveled throughout the country and educated women on birth control in addition to sharing her vision for women. This was the start of the revolution for Planned Parenthood. In 1923, Sanger had established the Birth Control Clinical Research Bureau in Manhattan to provide women with birth control as well as to deduct research on the statistics about birth control itself. During the year, she had also established the American Birth Control League which was an enlightened organization that investigated the impact revolving around statistics on reproduction and how America was affected by it. Eventually, the two organizations combined to officially revive Planned Parenthood. In 1936 a court ruling was held for Sangers organization as well as reconstructing the law of illegally distributing birth control into making the distribution and education of birth control legal in New York and Vermont. These rights were prolonged for an extended thirty years for the rights to become legal all throughout America. This was the most historic step for birth control in history. Since Planned Parenthood was had gotten high demands for birth control, it only made sense to perfect the pill as much as possible. In 1956, the very first human experimentation on specifically the birth control pill was tested in Puerto Rico. This experiment was crucial to the development of the pill. However, the women who were being tested on were not given consent which is today considered morally dis-satisfying as well as illegal. These women experienced increased hormone levels twenty times compared to todays pills levels. None of the women testified against the experiments and the research continued to redefine and near perfect the pill in order for it to complete what if was originally meant for. Today, the pill is the number one method used by women, Seventy-two percent of women who practice contraception currently use non permanent methods†primarily hormonal methods (i.e., the pill, patch, implant, injectable and vaginal ring), IUDs and condoms. The rest rely on femal e (22%) or male (7%) sterilization (Contraceptive). Planned Parenthood was also the first to give women the choice of abortion which soon led to legal disputes. The freedom women were starting to have for their bodies with having abortions and birth control readily available for them eventually led to outraged pro life activists and conservatives who back lashed at women for having these practices. Extreme fundamentalists held campaigns of patient intimidation as well as conducting acts of violence which involved murder against abortion providers. Health centers were also under attack from bombings and arsons. Political views soon swept the nation in the late seventies. In 1992, the Supreme Court created the constitutional right to allow states to uphold their own regulations on abortion. This made it difficult for women to receive abortions when desired and created queue times which were held for days. Yet, throughout these difficult times Planned Parenthood remained stood as indestructible and kept their loyalty as well as commitment to their patients in order to continue to change the perspectives on abortion and birth control, Throughout the 1990s, Planned Parenthood and other reproductive health experts successfully advocated for FDA approval of new, effective methods of birth control † including the birth control shot, the ring, the patch, and the implant. In 1999, the FDA approved Plan B emergency contraception, and Planned Parenthood began work to make emergency contraception widely available at its health centers and educate the public about emergency contraception, also known as the morning-after pill. In 1996, Planned Parenthood launched their official website which made expert medical and sexual health information easily accessible for everyone. Toda y, 76 million people reach Planned Parenthood online every year (Planned). Today, Planned Parenthood has stabilized a positive reputation regarding the past as well as current controversies against them by providing quality care for its patients and several other services they additionally offer. Planned Parenthood has also included male sex education as well as ?birth control methods for men. For female clients Planned Parenthood offers eleven different birth control methods such as STI/HIV testing and gynecological care for clients who are interested in such. Additionally, for male clients they offer screening for testicular cancer, testing as well as treatment for sexually transmitted infections, and HIV testing. Planned Parenthood has became completely transparent by providing statistics, information, donations, volunteering, and much more on their official website for not only their patients, yet is open to the public as well. In my opinion, political figures have distorted the image of Planned Parenthood. Over time, people were beginning to believe that Planned Parenthood is primarily for abortions due to such pro life political figures spreading false information when in fact, abortions are only three percent of all the services they provide. In Planned Parenthoods 2016 Affiliate Medical Services Data 47% of their services was for STI testing as well as treatment. Following right after with 28% was contraceptives (Evans). Planned Parenthoods marketing is held with campaigns to create awareness for people to know what they have available to them, Planned Parenthood is the nations leading provider and advocate of high-quality, affordable health care for women, men, and young people, as well as the U.S.s largest provider of sex education. On campuses and online, in schools and community settings, in health centers, and in the media, Planned Parenthood is a visible and reliable source of expert reproductive and sexual health care, education, and information. We do this work because were passionate about helping people lead healthier lives (Planned). Since the organization is nonprofit they focus on spreading awareness across the nation and providing services to those in need.

Saturday, December 21, 2019

Annotated Bibliography On Software Firewalls Essay

CHAPTER 6 EXERCISE 1 SOFTWARE FIREWALLS: A Firewall basically prevents the private network connected to the internet from being accessed by unauthorized user and therefore handles the traffic of internet. Hardware and software firewalls are the types of this network security system. It examines the each data in the network and blocks the data which is not valid and are from unauthorized user. We will discuss here only software firewalls. Software firewalls: Software firewall is suitable for the personal computers at home and it is software so it can be easily installed by the user and then user can easily manage its properties and functions. Thus we can protect our system form the unauthorized access and also from different harmful viruses. There are further two types of software firewalls: a. Rule based b. Non- Rule based Rule based firewalls include firewalls like Norton personal firewall and Non rule based includes Zone alarm. Now we will discuss various software firewalls. Software firewall Functionality Type of Protection Cost Features Zone alarm Includes inbound intrusion detection system, ability to control programs from creating outbound connections Blocks dangerous malware and malicious apps. Blocks hackers from remotely accessing and controlling your device. Zone alarm Pro firewall costs $44.95/year Public Wi-Fi protection, Privacy protection Hacker shield, App permission monitor, Anti-Phishing, Anti-malware. Comodo firewall Includes antivirus program,Show MoreRelatedA Research on the Internal Control for Information Security3378 Words   |  13 Pagesï » ¿Internal Control for Information Security PLEASE PUT THE TOPIC DEFINITION STATEMENT HERE AT THE FIRST PAGE PLEASE PUT THE ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY AT THE LAST PAGE BEFORE THE REFERENCE PAGE Introduction Control is a set of mechanism that assists an organization to attain the desired objective. Control is fundamental to achieve organizational goal, and control aligns the aspiration of workforce with their capabilities. On the other hand, internal control for information security is the practiceRead More Networking Report Essay6037 Words   |  25 PagesTOPOLOGY 22.nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;TREE TOPOLOGY 23.nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;FIREWALLS 24.nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) 25.nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;ACCOUNT SECURITY 26.nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;CONCLUSION 27.nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;RECOMMENDATION 28.nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;BIBLIOGRAPHY 29.nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY 30.nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;APPENDICES APPENDIX 1.1: THE SERVER APPENDIX 1.2: THERead MoreEssay Elemica7043 Words   |  29 PagesASSESSING ELEMICA’S ONLINE B2B TRADING HUB 12 Balanced Score Card 12 Strategy Map 14 5. RECOMMENDATIONS 15 Outsourcing of ICT Infrastructure 15 IT staffing requirements 16 Hardware, Software and Security 16 International legal and ethical issues 17 List of references 18 Annotated Bibliography 20 1. ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS * Company analysis Elemica is the leading provider of supply chain integration and optimization services to the world’s tire amp; rubber, chemical, energyRead MoreMastering Graduate Studies 1e32499 Words   |  130 Pagesnot have the ease of meeting in person to begin building or becoming part of a learning community, the learning management system affords these students alternative methods of interaction and introduction. A learning management system (LMS) is a software package or platform that permits the administration and delivery of educational content and resources to students (â€Å"What is a Learning Management System,† n.d.). Through the LMS, classroom discussions, group assignments, and study groups occur, just